Sub-Saharan Africa

Sexual Victimisation of Children in South Africa: Final Report of the UBS Optimus Foundation Study

Posted By: • July 19th, 2016

The Optimus Study – a three-year national prevalence and incidence study involving over nine thousand 15-17 year old South Africans –  provides the first-ever nationally representative data in South Africa on child sexual abuse, maltreatment and exposure to other forms of violence. As such, it contributes to the evidence base critical to national child protection planning and programming to improve response and prevention interventions. Read More

Measuring Impact through a Child Protection Index

Contributed by a member of the RISE Community • April 5th, 2016

One of UNHCR’s primary objectives is ensuring evidence based programming for the protection of children in refugee settings. In 2012, UNHCR started to roll out newly drafted strategies on child protection, sexual and gender based violence (SGBV) and education in a selected number of target countries. The 2012 Framework for the Protection of Children articulates the centrality of child protection to UNHCR’s protection mandate, stating that UNHCR will act to promote child protection by “protecting and advocating against all forms of discrimination; preventing and responding to abuse, neglect, violence and exploitation; ensuring immediate access to appropriate services; and ensuring durable solutions in the child’s best interests.” Read More

Displacement, Violence and Vulnerability: Trafficking among Internally Displaced Persons in Kenya

Contributed by a member of the RISE Community • April 5th, 2016

The existence of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) is usually a sign of prolonged, often overt, conflict within a given society. It can also be an indicator of lack of capacity by the relevant state institutions to address the effects of natural disasters. Many IDP communities, uprooted from their original social milieu, become vulnerable to several negative phenomena that may also include human trafficking. This study examines the link between internal displacement and human trafficking by specifically looking at factors that might increase the vulnerability of IDPs to trafficking. The study develops a model containing several elements (variables) or conditions pertaining to trafficking vulnerability. Key among these conditions is experience of violence during the displacement together with the vicinity to main highways and trading centres. The study concludes that depending on the combinations of these factors, the vulnerability of IDPs to trafficking can either increase or decrease. A number of recommendations are made towards the mitigation of vulnerability of IDPs to trafficking. Read More

Coming of Age on the Streets: Helping Young People become Independent Adults

Posted By: • January 19th, 2016

Multiple factors such as poverty, violence and neglect continue to push children outside family care around the world. Although different interventions such as family reintegration or foster care aim to return children to safe family environments, they are not always feasible for older children. In such instances, independent living may be considered as a form of alternative care which allows children to gradually gain autonomy making reintegration into their communities possible. Read More